The Great Wall is also called Chang Cheng, which means something like “long strength.” It was a great fortification to prevent the attack from the enemy. It was initiated in fifth century and finished in the sixteenth. The aim of this wall was to prevent enemies that may have a desire to conquer the land.
The Great Wall of China is known to reach Korea and the Gobi Desert in Mongolia. It is about 6-7 meters high and its width is 4-5 meters. It is narrower however, in some parts.
The wall is made of limestone, but other parts of the walls are made of granite or fired brick. There are also parts of gravel and reeds.
The Great Wall of China has three major gates. They are:
- Step Juyong or “northern passage”. It is at Badaling and was one of the most used and protected by guards in Beijing. It is made of stone and brick and its extension is 7.8 meters and a height of 5 meters.
- Jiayu Pass or “pass the West”. This is near the western edge of the Wall.
- Shanhai Pass or “over this.” This is close to the east of the Wall.
The Wall has many important areas and the fact is that as you will not be able to see it all, because it is more than 8,000 kilometers. The Great Wall offers a timeless charm to tourists so the visit is usually very different in each of the seasons. In fact, visiting it at different times a year allows you to meet different scenarios.
In the summer, the flowers and leaves cover the mountains. It is said that the Great Wall is like a necklace of silver at that time of year. In autumn, the mountains are covered with colors and the climate is not too cold nor too hot, making it the best time to visit. During the winter, you will find fewer tourists because, although not too cold, snow accidents often happen.