The Republic of San Marino is a small nation composed of nine municipalities also known as the Nine Castles of San Marino. The term “castle” was originally used in reference to the Castra Subdita composed of the 4 former Malatesta castles namely; Serravalle, Faetano, Montegiardino and Fiorentino. These four municipalities officially became parts of San Marino in 1463 and five more municipalities or castles that exist in the Mount Titano areas have been added since then.
The Nine Castles of San Marino
The nine municipalities that compose San Marino are the Following:
- The capital City of San Marino – it has 9 councilors and approximately 4,500 residents
- Borgo Maggiore – it has 9 councilors and it is the second most important castle with 5,992 residents
- Serravalle – it has 9 councilors and the castle with the most number of residents at 9,394
- Domagnano – it has 9 councilors and residents numbering to 2,714
- Fiorentino – it has 9 councilors and 2,120 of residents
- Acquaviva – it has 7 councilors and a population of 1,678
- Faetano – it has 7 councilors and 1,081 residents
- Montegiardino – it has 7 councilors and it is the least populated castle with only 793 residents
- Chiesanuova – it has 7 councilors and has 976 inhabitants
Recognized as Italian Cities
All nine Castles of San Marino correspond to Italian cities, but they have limited powers and they are being governed individually by A Captain/Mayor. The Captain of the Castle takes the power that corresponds with that of the Italian Cities’ Mayors. But the capacities of these nine local governments are quite limited when compare with the powers by other cities within Italy’s political system.