The Gobi Desert

“Gobi” means desert in Mongolian, and there are words that best define this vast expanse of land between southern Mongolia, Tibet and other asian giants like China.

We learned about the Gobi Desert through the great voyages of Marco Polo (XIII). We also learned that this was home to several major cities on the Silk Road. But one of the most important characteristics is undoubtedly the largest source of fossils in the world (like the first dinosaur eggs).

It is interesting to explore the following classification in 5 areas:

  • Eastern Region: surrounded by the semi-desert area of Ala Shan, the extension of the Yellow River are the Yin Mountains and lowland areas with ponds
  • Ala Shan Plateau: semi-desert area between the Gobi Altai Mountains, Helan, and Qilian.
  • The Valley of the Lakes  north of Wing Shan
  • Basin Junggar: between the Altai Mountains and Tian Shan mountain range, comprising the area from the Chinese province of Xinjiang to southern Mongolia
  • Cordilllera Tian Shan: separates the Junggar Basin of the Taklamakan desert, which is delimited by the Tibetan Plateau and Pamir Mountains.

The Gobi Desert is an exotic area at a time of bleak. Few human settlements, as in the area Togod Ala Shan who have managed to coexist in such hostile weather conditions (-40 º C in winter to 35 º C in summer). Among its unique wildlife animals are the black-tailed gazelle and snow leopard.

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